Why Do We Put Up with the State Subsidising the Wealthy?

Andy Storey

Andy Storey is a lecturer in political economy at University College Dublin and a board member of human rights group Action from Ireland (Afri).


Minister for Transport, Tourism and Sport Shane Ross has been at the centre of controversy over his department’s decision to award, on appeal, a grant of €150,000 to elite South Dublin secondary school Wesley College, in association with the local YMCA, for the refurbishment of a hockey pitch.

Wesley College is already the proud owner of four rugby pitches, two cricket pitches, two modern hockey pitches, two basketball courts, as well as a soccer pitch, a gymnasium and a sports hall. Critics have pointed to the often inadequate state, if they exist at all, of such facilities in more deprived areas (including many schools in Dublin and elsewhere).

Wesley charges fees of €6,250 a year for day students (boarders pay even more). It is in the minister’s constituency and he has been criticized for tweeting his congratulations to it after the grant was awarded, though he denies he interfered in the grant-allocation process.

The money was given under the state’s Sports Capital Programme, which, to its credit, publishes the criteria it uses to grade different grant applications. The overall objectives of the programme include to “prioritise the needs of disadvantaged areas in the provision of sports facilities”. The criteria follow through on this by specifically including assessments of disadvantage in the decision-making process.

Criterion 1 (of six) includes, as one of three sub-criteria, “the encouragement of disadvantaged groups”.  Criterion 2 is entirely focused on disadvantage – projects should get higher scores the more socially and economically disadvantaged are the areas in which they are located.

Likewise, criterion 5 specifies that projects in the more disadvantaged areas are (reasonably enough) expected to contribute fewer resources of their own to the overall project cost.

While the criteria are not weighted equally, they would, overall, appear to favour sports facilities in more deprived locations.

Which makes the Wesley grant decision all the more surprising – it is one of three similar such projects in the South Dublin area that each won a €150,000 grant on appeal after its application was initially rejected.

The others were Three Rock Rovers hockey club and Loreto Beaufort school. All involved the resurfacing of hockey pitches, and Minister Ross tweeted his delight in relation to each decision.

The website Balls.ie comments that “it is difficult to fathom how three different bodies were awarded a combined €450,000 to resurface pitches seemingly all serving the same purpose; more so due to the fact that all three are within a short drive of each other”.

The full list of grants approved under the Sports Capital Programme for 2017 suggests that a wide range of projects around the country is funded, the vast majority doubtless deserving recipients. But it is the list of projects approved on appeal (including Wesley) that is most striking – because of the resources some recipients already possess, and because of the size of the grants awarded.

These include three Dublin golf clubs: Balbriggan (a grant of €103,430), Malahide (€150,000), and Slade Valley (€97,760). Malahide charges an annual membership fee of €8,400. Howth Yacht Club, also on appeal, received €74,200.

Sinn Féin TD Imelda Munster makes the reasonable observation that “If a club can charge €8,000 annual fees from members, then it should use that money to improve facilities. The rest of us shouldn’t have to pick up the bill.”

But that is precisely what we have done – picked up, in several cases, sizeable bills to subsidise the already excellent sports facilities enjoyed by largely privileged groups in society.

In a recent post on the irisheconomy.ie website, Professor Gregory Connor of the National University of Ireland in Maynooth claimed that educational advantage and disadvantage does not explain how different individuals and groups in society perform. Rather, he mainly attributes performance to genetics – smart people marry other smart people and have smart children.

So, by the logic of Professor Connor’s argument, if you do not go to university it really isn’t because you suffer any disadvantage (including, for example, substandard school facilities), it is because your parents are stupid and you are too.

There are any number of possible ripostes to this nonsense. But one is that if the top echelons of society are there just by virtue of their superior genes, why do they also lobby so hard to ensure their offspring have preferential access to the richest schools? And that those schools maintain their disproportionate access to state-funded resources, including sports facilities?

Could it be that they regard state (in other words public) support as vital to their reproduction as a privileged class? I suspect they do, and I suspect they are right.

The question begged for the rest of is: why do we put up with it?

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Andy Storey: Andy Storey is a lecturer in political economy at University College Dublin and a board member of human rights group Action from Ireland (Afri).

Reader responses

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Aiden Lloyd
at 28 March 2018 at 07:06

Good article which illustrates how seemingly transparent systems always turn out favouring certain interests. How can this be, you may ask? Well, favoured projects which do not meet the mark are urged to appeal, and either the subtle hint is taken on board by the the assessment body, or, if the body isn’t getting the message, a stronger hint is relayed by a suitably distanced official. Simple. Works every time.

Mary Alacoque Ryan
at 28 March 2018 at 07:49

Great article as usual Andy. Isn’t it the old hegemony rearing its ugly head?

Bríd Connolly
at 28 March 2018 at 08:59

Thanks for this article, Andy, and for highlighting the old defenses about inequality in education that Professor Gregory Connor stands over. I can assure you that in the Department of Adult and Community Education in Maynooth University, that we are working with people who have survived that classed and gendered inequality in earlier education, and who are working to bring about a more just and equality society. We are exploring early school leaving, Further Education, critical pedagogy, experiential learning, arts and creativity, through research based on our commitment to social analysis rather than eugenics. There’s no mystery about the privileged protecting their privilege, and this recent distribution of resources in favour of the rich demonstrates it in stark relief.

Mike Walsh
at 28 March 2018 at 20:04

I agree totally with your article Andy. I am also a bit bemused that newspapers such as the Irish Times and the Irish Independent devote so many column inches to the exploits of mostly fee paying schools on the rugby field. If you are going to report schools sports; and I would favour this, why not report the achievements of school athletes other than the Ross O’Carroll Kelly’s of this world.

david
at 29 March 2018 at 11:37

Dublin 8
Estimated population 50k
GAA Pitches = 0
Rugby Pitches = 0
Soccer Pitches = 0
Tennis Courts = 0
Hockey Pitches = 0
……

Mary Alacoque Ryan
at 29 March 2018 at 14:57

Bottom line is folks … we keep voting for those parties responsible for supporting the status quo which is an ever increasing unequal society. Look at Veradkar in the polls? Yet he is really a Tory boy so we can’t blame him from implementing policies which he has held close to his chest forever. We need an alternative and yet we are too cowardly to go for it – see Joseph Stieglitz.

Andy Storey
at 4 April 2018 at 10:13

@Aiden Lloyd: You may well be right Aiden. I also suspect that, even without a political nod and wink, richer clubs/schools are likely to submit what seem like stronger applications because they have the resources and contacts to spend time on the application and they also know the language i.e., the buzzwords the assessment panel will be looking for, etc.

Andy Storey
at 4 April 2018 at 10:16

@Bríd Connolly: Thanks Brid. It is still fairly amazing that a professor can stand over, essentially, eugenics in this day and age. I notice that he also defended Conor Skehan’s (of the Housing Agency) attack on homeless people allegedly gaming the system…

Andy Storey
at 4 April 2018 at 10:16

@Mike Walsh: A very fair point Mike!

Andy Storey
at 4 April 2018 at 10:18

@david: Thanks David, that is indeed a telling comparison

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